Pictures from space! Our image of the day


Martian pebbles photographed by NASA's Perseverance rover


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(Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)

Tuesday, October 18, 2022: NASA's Perseverance rover took an up-close view of the Jezero Crater surface covered with sand and regularly shaped pebbles.

The rover took the image using its SHERLOC WATSON camera at the end of its robotic arm on Sunday, Oct.16, its 589th sol on the red planet. The rover has recently experienced technical problems when collecting its 14th rock sample. The rover was able to collect and drill the promising rock but failed to seal the test tube. The models the rover collects will be brought to Earth by a return mission in the early 2030s.  


Cosmic dust was set aflame by the most powerful explosion ever observed


(Image credit: NASA/Swift/A. Beardmore (University of Leicester))

On Monday, October 17, 2022, this image was taken by NASA's Swift X-ray telescope and shows rings of cosmic dust ignited by potent radiation from a record-breaking gamma-ray burst.

The most intense gamma-ray burst ever seen, GRB 221009A, flashed on October 9 from a galaxy more than 2 billion light-years away. They are the product of dying supermassive stars exploding in supernovae. A beam of light released by the star as it merges into a brand-new black hole briefly illuminates the cosmos for a few seconds to a few minutes. A gamma-ray burst is the only more energetic explosion known to have occurred in the cosmos after the Big Bang.

To gather enough information to throw additional light on these powerful explosions, telescopes worldwide are currently pointed at the location in the sky where GRB 221009A originated.  


Crew-4 leaves International Space Station.


(Image credit: NASA/Swift/A. Beardmore (University of Leicester))

Friday, October 14, 2022: The Crew-4 of the International Space Station has parted ways with the orbiting outpost today aboard a Freedom-branded SpaceX Dragon ship.

At 12:05 p.m. EDT, the capsule disembarked from the space station (1605 GMT). NASA astronauts Bob Hines, Kjell Lindgren, Jessica Watkins, and Samantha Cristoforetti of the European Orbit Agency, who spent five and a half months in space, were all on board. The terrible weather in Florida caused them to delay leaving twice. According to NASA authorities, the capsule will splash down on Saturday (October 15) close to Jacksonville, Florida.

Crew-5, which arrived on October 6, took the place of the original four astronauts.  

Mars orbiter takes a stunning shot of the Martian moon with Jupiter


(Image credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin)

On Thursday, October 13, 2022, the European Mars Express spacecraft captured a spectacular series of photographs showing Jupiter and its four major moons with the Martian moon Deimos. 

The spacecraft's High-Resolution Stereo Camera took 80 photographs in February, but the European Space Agency, which manages the mission, didn't make it public until October 13.

As the sequence progresses from left to right, the moons Io and Callisto, the gas giant planet Jupiter, Europe, Ganymede, and the rough Martian moon Deimos are all lined up in the backdrop.

When the pictures were taken, Mars Express was 745 million kilometres (460 million miles) from Jupiter.  


Solar Orbiter speeds toward the sun


(Image credit: ESA & NASA/Solar Orbiter/EUI Team)

The series depicts the sun's surface glittering with activity as it changed between September 20 and October 10. Roughly one-third of the distance between the sun and Earth, Solar Orbiter regularly makes close passes to the sun (within the orbit of the planet Mercury). Only NASA's Parker Solar Probe has ever been closer to the star. Still, it lacks a sun-facing camera due to the optics' inability to withstand the hostile environment it must navigate.

Our knowledge of the behaviour of our life-sustaining star advances thanks to these two spacecraft working together.  


Robots help with experiments on International Space Station

(Image credit: ESA/NASA)

On October 11, 2022, NASA's Astrobee robots assisted astronauts in researching the International Space Station.

Free-flying robots called Astrobees were created to assist astronauts with mundane activities so that people might spend more time enjoying themselves. The cube-shaped robots, according to NASA, have cameras embedded into them that they may use to record experiments, conduct inventory, and even carry items around the space station.

The Astrobees are assisting in testing software that will improve spaceship docking and undocking in this picture, which was posted on Twitter by European astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti.  


Webb captured the birth of a distant solar system.


(Image credit: NASA/ESA/CSA/STCI/Mark McCaughrean)

Monday, October 10, 2022: In a well-known star-birthing nebula, the James Webb Space Telescope saw the formation of a far-off solar system.


A newborn star, barely one million years old, is the tiny U.F.O-like speck in the centre of the photograph. It is encircled by a protoplanetary disk, from which planets are anticipated to form. The renowned Orion Nebula, a well-known star-forming area, situated 1,344 light years from Earth in the constellation Orion, is the cloud of dust and gas from which the star arose.


With its infrared super-vision, the James Webb Space Telescope can see straight past gas and dust clouds and into the centre of these star-forming regions.  


Europa gets a psychedelic treatment in a new image from Juno's close flyby

(Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS. Image processing: Kevin M. Gill / Fernando Garcia Navarro)

On October 7, 2022: During a recent visit, NASA's Juno spacecraft captured this photograph of Jupiter's ocean-filled moon Europa. After applying a psychedelic filter, the image revealed the mysterious planet in dramatic hues.


Juno's JunoCam camera captured the image during the flyby on September 29 and Fernando Garcia Navarro, a citizen scientist, analyzed it. Using an unconventional technique, Navarro bridged the gap between science and art by giving the very simple white and brownish moon a kaleidoscopic appearance.


Europe's delayed Ariane 6 rocket completes upper stage test

(Image credit: DLR/ESA/Arianegroup)

On Thursday, October 6, 2022, the top stage of the new, delayed European rocket manufacturer ArianeGroup successfully tested Ariane 6 heavy-lift rocket.

 The component of the rocket that functions for the longest is the upper stage, which is in charge of placing client payloads into the proper orbits. On Wednesday, the upper stage, which can be fired repeatedly, successfully finished its maiden hot-fire test at a rocket research facility in Lampoldshausen, Germany (October 5). Engineers mimicked the flying conditions the stage will encounter during the trial. Before the rocket can fly for the first time, which was initially planned for 2020, more testing must be completed.


Falcon 9 clears the launch pad with Crew-5 atop

(Image credit: NASA)

This image, shot on Wednesday, October 5, 2022, shows SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket clears the launch pad while carrying Crew-5 to the International Space Station.


At noon EDT (1600 GMT) on Wednesday, the rocket blasted off from Launch Complex 39 A at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida (October 5). John Cassada and Nicole Mann of NASA, Koichi Wakata of Japan, and Anna Kikina of Roscosmos will all travel in the spacecraft to the International Space Station. Kikina is the first Russian to go on a Dragon spacecraft to the International Space Station. On Thursday, October 6, at 4:57 p.m. EDT, the spacecraft is anticipated to dock at the orbiting outpost (20:57 GMT).


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